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雅思阅读:句子分类的讲解

2018-12-04 | 编辑:广州环球教育 | 分享到
摘要: 雅思阅读:句子分类的讲解

今天广州环球教育小编给大家分享一个 雅思阅读中句子分类的讲解

一,根据类型句子可分四种:简单句,并列句,复合句,并列复合句。

(1)简单句

一个句子中只包含一个主谓或者由并列连接词来连接两个或两个以上的谓语或主语。

Everyone influences someone and is influenced by someone.

Ambition and perseverance are two substantial factors to success.

International tourism indeed gives rise to some problems.

Learning  this course can stimulate one's imagination and cultivate one's independence.

简单句赏析

1 Succeddful learners are learners with a purpose

成功的学习者都是有目的的学习者。

2Voices and music have been added to color and pictures to catch the ear as well as the eye.

颜色和图片配上声音和音乐即好看又好听。

3 He stopped the car and waited for the red light to change to green

他停下来等待红灯变绿灯。

4.People tend to amass possessions ,sometimes without being aware of doing so .

人们喜欢收集东西,有时并没有意识到这么做。

5.Some things are collected  deliberately in the home in an attempt to avoid waste

有些东西是有意被收集在家里,避免浪费。

6.In  this way ,self -confidence grows first from mastering a subject ,then from being able to talk about it .

这样,自信心不断增强,先是因为掌握了一门学问,接下来是因为就此可以发表些见解。

7In the life her thoughts were on lunch and a good rest .

在电梯里,她只想着午餐和好好休息一下

8.The chaos was inconceivable

那种混乱是无法想象的

9.Imagine a star up to twenty times larger ,brighter ,and hotter than our own sun

设想一下,一颗恒星比我们的太阳还要大,还要亮,还要热20倍

10This hope is awalys in the realm of science fiction .

这种希望只存在于科幻小说里

11.We live in dread not only of unpleasant insects like spiders or wasps ,but of quite harmless ones like moths.

我们在日常生活中,不但憎恶如蜘蛛,黄蜂之类令人讨厌的昆虫,而且憎恶并无大害的飞蛾。

12Insects are strangely fascinating.

昆虫又是特别令人着迷的。

13who has not stood in awe at the sight of a spider poucing on a fly ,or a column of ants triumphantly bearing home an enormous dead betle?

当看到蜘蛛扑向一直苍蝇时,一对蚂蚁抬着一只巨大的甲壳虫凯旋而归时,谁能不感到敬畏呢?

14The ants had been quick to find an answer to my  thoroughly unscientific methods .

蚂蚁很快找到了相应的对策,来对付我那套完全不科学的方法。

15.The Scandinavian countries are much admired all over the world for their enlightened social policies.

斯堪的纳维亚半岛各国实行的开明的社会政策,受到全世界的推崇。

(2)并列句

由并列连词连接的两个简单句。(and but or so for )

In a full heart there is room for everything and in an empty heart there is room for nothing

Life is hope and hope is life

Problems never stop but people stop problems

并列句赏析

1 Think it over and you will find a way

好好想一下你将会有办法。

2Hurry up or you way be late for the meeting

快一点否则你会开会迟到的

3He is well over sixty ,but he does not look at all old

他六十好几了,但是看起来一点都不显老。

4.Some people waste food while others havent't enough .

有些人浪费食物,而有些人不够吃

5.It must have rained last night ,for the ground is wet.

昨晚一定是下过雨,因为地面是湿的

6I have just had good news ;I have been offered a job in a law firm .

刚得到的好消息,我已在一家律师事务所找到了一份工作。

7 One's circle of friends grows ,and soon the hobby leads to travel ,perhaps to a meeting in another town ,possibly a trip abroad in search of a rate specimen,for collectors are not confined to any one country

朋友的圈子就是这样不断扩大,用不了多久,有这种爱好的人就开始旅行,也许是去另外一个城市去参加会议,也可能是出国去寻找一件珍品,因为收藏家是不分国界的。

8.Over the years ,one may well become an authority  on one's hobby and he will very probably be asked to give informal talks to little gatherings and then if successful ,to larger audiences .

人一旦雷击了多年经验,就会成为自己这种爱好的权威,很可能应邀在小型集会上做非正式的讲话,如果讲的好,可能向更多的人发表演说。

9Her shopping had tired her and her basket had grown heavier with every step of the way home .

去商店买东西使她筋疲力尽,在回家的路上,她每走一步,就感到手里的篮子又重一点。

10Then a police inspector arrived with a constable and she told them of her discovery of the ransacked flat .

过了一会,以为巡警带着一名警察来了,她向他们讲述了发现公寓遭劫的经过。

11.Only the earth provides ideal conditions ,and even here it has taken more than four billon years for plant and animal life to evolve.

只有地球提供了理想的条件,而即使在这里,植物和动物的进化也用了40亿年的时间。

12.We continually wage war on insects ,for they contaminate our food ,carry diseases ,or devour our crops.

人类不断地同昆虫作斗争,因为昆虫弄脏我们的食物,传播疾病,吞噬庄稼。

13.They sting or bite without provocation and they fly uninvited into our rooms on summer nights ,or bite against our lighted windows .

他们无缘无故地又咬又叮,夏天的晚上他们不请自来便飞到我们的房间里,或者对这发出亮光的窗户乱冲乱撞。

14Most of our fears are unreasonable ,but they are impossible to erase.

我们大部分的恐惧是毫无道理的,但是却很难除去。

15.That was unsettling ,but I fended off the taunts and jibes of the family good-humouredly and soon everybody got used to the idea.

这真叫人不好意思,但我心平气和地顶住了全家人的嘲笑和奚落,不久大家都对我习以为常了。

(3)复合句

由从属连词引导的从句修饰主句,根据意义可分为:名词从句(主,宾,表,同)形容词从句(定语从句),副词从句(状语从句).

The present moment is the best gift that you give yourself .

It goes without saying that change is an unavoidable trend.

Some people argue that this practice is unjustifued.

复合句 赏析

1 What we accept as true is often relatively true ,not absolutely true.

我们所接受的认为是真实娥东西常常是相对地真实,而不是绝对地真实。

2.That the moon mives around the earth is well known to all of us .

众所周知,月亮绕着地球转。

3.They have found that the real difference between palns and animals lies in what they do ,and not in what they seem to be.

他们已经发现,动物和植物的真正差别在于它们做什么,而不是他们看起来是什么。

4.The value of an item is a measure of what  a person will sacrifice to obtain it.

一件东西的价值要看一个人为了得到它肯牺牲多少。

5.What is certain about sleepwalking is that it is a symptom of emotional disturbance ,and the only way to cure it is to remove the wrries and anxieties that cause it.

关于梦游可以肯定的是它是一种精神错乱的症状,治愈它的唯一方法是消除引起精神错乱的焦虑的担忧。

6.She reluctantly came to the conclusion that her husband was drunk.

她不得不认定自己的 丈夫喝醉了。

7Kid who has no idea what being polite means will pay the price sooner or later.

不懂什么是礼貌的孩子迟早会付出代价的。

8We move our heads from side to side when we want to say "no"

当我们想说不得时候,我们会摇头。

9I realized sadly that I had been completely defeated by their ingenuity.

我懊丧的感觉到败在他们足智多谋之下。

10The time that I spent on exercises gradually diminished.

我花在锻炼上的时间越来越少。

(4)并列复合句

在并列句当中出现了复合句。

We  are the nature's greatest miracle and we have dreams and ambition [which are important to everyone.]

Not only do teachers teach us knowledge,but they teach us many other things[which can never be taught by computers.]

二,根据功能句子可分为四种:陈述句(五种结构:主+谓,主+谓+宾,主+谓+双宾,主+谓+宾+宾补,主+系+表),疑问句,祈使句,感叹句

(1)陈述句:

用于陈述事实或说明看法的句子,以句号结尾。

主+谓;Opinions vary greatly from person to person

主+谓+宾:The Internet has revolutionized people's way of life.

主+系+表:Watching TV is relaxing.

主+谓+双宾:Studying abroad offers students a good opportunity to experience a totally different culture.

主+谓+宾+宾补:某类动词加上一个宾语后,意思表达仍不完整需在加上一个成分来补充说明宾语的性质和状态,这种成分就被称为宾补。

I find this book interesting

You can call me jack .

He asked me to stay here.

I saw her crying.

work while you work and paly while you play .Don't get the two mixed.

I don't feel myself up to the standard.

I find everything in an apple-pie order.

He treated me as his son.

(2)疑问句:

一般疑问句;

特殊疑问句;

选择疑问句;

反意疑问句;

(3)祈使句:

Be seated! Take a seat ! Believe it or not !Don't give me your shit! Let's make things better !Don't make yourself a mouse or the cat will eat you ! Let go! Go for a hike !

(4)感叹句:

(1)what +a (n.)+adj.+n.+(主+系动词)

(2)How +adj.adv.+(主语+谓语)

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