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雅思阅读:句子构成成分分析

2018-12-03 | 编辑:广州环球教育 | 分享到
摘要:雅思阅读:句子构成成分分析

今天广州环球教育小编个大家分享独家编些的:雅思阅读中句子构成分析 句子构成的成分分为九种:主语,谓语,宾语,状语,补语,同位语,和插入语。

一:主语 : 句子核心主体,通常位于谓语动词之前,表明一个句子是谁或何种情况所发出执行或是承受的。常做主语的有名词,代词,主语从句,V.-ing,to do 五种。

1.名词:Computers are now being widely used in almost all fields.

2.代词:We are now living in an information-explosion ear.

3.主语从句:Whethersports stars should earn a high salary  is still discussed heatedly.

4.V.-ing:Surfing the Internet offers a new way for people to relax themselves.

5.To do :To protect the enviroment is everybody's business.

二:谓语:描述或阐述主语的情况,由动词来 充当,常位于主语之后。

1.表状态时用系动词:As I see it ,movies stars' earning a high salary is unfair and unjustified.

2.表动作时用剂物或不及物动词:The Internet has revolutionized people's way of life .Taste differs.

3.表拥有时:人或物做主语时用have 或has ,无生命的东西做主语时用他和there be .

People have different views on this question.

There is no absolute agreement on this questipon.

4.情态动词+动词原形 :In this way ,teachers can never be replaced by computers

三:宾语:及物动词或介词所指向的对象。常做宾语的有名词,宾语从句,复合结构,V.-ing,to do 五种。

1.名词:International tourism promotes the economic development.

2.宾语从句:Some people hold that air travel should be restricted.

3.符合结构:The advanced medical technology has made it possible for people to live longer than ever possible before.

4.V.-ing:Nobody can aviod being influenced b media .

5.to do :Some people want to work for a big company while others choose to work for a small one.

四:表语:接在系动词后,补充说明主语的情况又称为主语补足语。常做表语的有名词,形容词,V.-ing .to do ,从句五种。

1.名词:The environmental problem is a serious problem in modern societ.

2.形容词:Time is fleeting and art is long

3.V,-ing :The argument is convincing .

4.to do : A possible solution is to set down effective laws.

5.从句:One advantage of computers'utilized in education is that they can enrich the traditional teaching method to a great extent.

五,定语:修饰名词或类似于名词的词。一般翻译为“.......的”,表示事物的性质或状态,分为前置或后置。常做定语的有形容词,名词,V。-ing ,to do ,从句五种。

1,形容词:Taking  part -time jobs exerts profound impacts on one's future career development.

2.名词:Generation gap is now a prblem we have to face .

名词(名词修饰名词的重要原则:第一个名词一般用参数:以下为常用名词修饰名词的词组):

1.information                                               technology

2.information                                               center

3.credit                                                         card

4.generation                                                  gap

5.beauty                                                       contest

6.communication                                         skills

7.information                                                age

8.knowledge                                                 economy

9.peace                                                        talks

10.service                                                     industry

11.water                                                       scarcity

12.survival                                                    skills

13.press                                                         conference

14.safety                                                       standard

15.life                                                            insurance

16.weather                                                     forecast

17.reception                                                   desk

18.coffe                                                          break

19.body                                                           guard

20.heart                                                          attack

21.department                                                store

22stock                                                           market

23.office                                                          building

24.science                                                        fiction

3.V.-ing ;Clearly ,we are now living in an updating society and the world is now witnessing some breath -taking changes.

4.to do ;Studying abroad provides students with a good opportunity to experience a totally different culture.

5.定语从句:That  is a good book which is opened with expectation and closed with profit.

六:状语:修饰动词,形容词,副词或整句的词或句,按照功能分为11种:时间,地点,原因,目的,结果,方式,条件,让步,比较,伴随,评注。常做状语的有副词,状语从句,状语从句省略结构,to do ,V,-ing ,V.-ed 6种

1.副词:Honestly ,i cannot give a yes -no answer to this question.

2.状语从句:Where there is an open mind,there will always be frontier.

3.状语从句省略结构:If so ,the conclusion still remains questionable.

4.to do:To solve this problem ,people think up vsrious solutions.

5.V.-ing :Technology is developing by leaps and bounds ,making it possible for people to live better than ever before.

6.V.-ed:Encouraged to do so .children will exprience better development.

七:补语:分为主语补足语(补充说明主语的情况,又称表语)和宾语补足语(补充说明宾语的情况)两种。常做宾语补足语的有形容词和to do 两种。

1.形容词:Many people find this experience awful .

2.to do ;Advertisements often  urge people to buy goods they do not need.

八:同位语:句子中的两种成分表达同一种概念,即A=B称之为同位语。常做同位语的有名词和从句两种。

1.名词:We should learn from the past ,the mirror of the present and the hope of the future.

2.从句:University students should bear total expenses for their tuition on the generalization that university students usually earn much more than people without a degree

九:插入语:插入语是说话者对所表达意思的补充,强调,解释或者说话的态度,其位置灵活,常常用逗号或破折号与其他成分隔开,并且在语法上不影响其他成分。下面为大家列举了一些常见的插入语:

1.indeed 的确,

2.surely 无疑,

3.howeverr然而,

4.obviously 显然

5.frankly 坦率地说

6.naturally 自然

7.luckily (或happily)for somebody 算某人幸运

8.fortunately/Luckily 幸好

9.honestly真的

10briefly 简单的说

11.strange to say 说也奇怪

12.needless to say 不用说

13.most important of all 最为重要的是

14.wrose still 更糟糕的是

15in a few words (或in sum,in short)简而言之

16in other words 换句话说

17in a sense 在某种意义上

18in general:一般来说

19in my view在我看来

20in conclusion 总之

21in summary概括的说

22in fact事实上

23in the first place 首先

24in addition 此外

25of course 当然

26to my knowledge 据我所知

27for instance(或example)例如

28as a matter of fact 事实上

29strictly speaking 严格地说

30generally apeaking 一般得说

31judging from .......根据.......判断

32to be sure 无疑

33 to sum up 概括地说

34to tell the truth 老实说

35I am sure 我可以肯定的说

36.I believe 我相信

37I wonder 我不知道

38.that is 也就是说

40as i see it 照我看来

41 what is important (serious)重要(严重)的是

42in a nutshell 总之

43 in the final analyasis 归根结底

44at any rate不管怎么说

45on the contrary 相反

46 in the long run从长远来看

47by comparison 对比而言

48roughly大体上来说

49in comparison 相比之下

50in theory从理论上来说

51on average平均来说

以上就是广州环球教育小编今天要分享的全部内容,希望多烤鸭们有帮助。

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