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雅思口语提分障碍:高频语法错误例释

2019-08-08 | 编辑:y | 分享到
摘要:雅思口语提分障碍:高频语法错误例释

相信许多备考雅思的同学都知道,语法错误问题是口语里的很头疼的一个问题,口语表达不同于写作,许多在写作不容易出现的语法错误在口语中却会频繁出现,究其原因是因为口语表达更注重的是讲话时的瞬间的“感觉”,换言之,这是一种靠时间和练习量积累的语感直觉。

雅思口语提分障碍:高频语法错误例释

那么考生在考试中通常都会高频地出现什么类型的错误呢?通常来说以下几类语法错误要注意警惕:

1、时态

时态问题可以说是最高频的错误之一,而就时态来说,错的最多的却是过去式这种最简单的时态变化。例如在part2描述题中,通常考生会通过许多过去的例子/经历来回应, 然而很多同学却用错用整篇现在时或一会现在时一会过去时,显得很凌乱。在问答题中也时有出现,例如某同学对下面这个雅思口语问题的回答,大家对比体会一下:

问:when was the last time you sent flowers to others?

答:let me think, actually a few months ago, one of my best friends invite (invited) me to join his graduation ceremony, you know, it’s a tradition to give people flowers on this occasion, so i buy (bought) some sunflowers and give (gave) it to him, because i hope (hoped) his future will(would) be as bright as the sun.

2、代词/主语误用

这个是一个比较高频的情况,一般也多在口语中出现,例如:he,she,it, they, that, those, this, these.

大家需要注意关注几个角度:1.性别? 2. 人/物  3. 单数还是复数?

例如考官问: who is your favorite family member?

考生答:  i believe my favorite family member must be my mother, because i think he(she) is really a nice person, and he (she) is good at cooking.

又例如考生在罗列了两个或以上理由的时候,作结论却说:  this is the reason why…( these are the reasons why…)

雅思口语提分障碍:高频语法错误例释

3、主谓一致

关于主谓一致,具体点来说,错的比较多的应该是“第三人称单数”这个角度了。大家可以看看下面这个雅思口语问答体会一下:

问: Do you think primary school students should have music classes?

答: personally, i think it depend (depends) on students’ personal interest. if a student do not (doesn’t) like it, …., but if a student do (does) like music, i believe ….;

4、动词/介词搭配

这个方面需要在平时学英文单词的时候多积累不同单词的用法。

例如:can you tell me a famous person you like?

答:…. , i really like him because i think he can always persist on his dream. ( persist的用法: persist with sth /   persist in (doing) sth)

my parents are very strict to me  ( strict的用法: be strict with somebody)

5、词性

说出来之前,结合句子分析一下,究竟需要的是 动词,名词,形容词,还是副词?

以上几种容易混淆误用

例如:我相信有一天我会成功的!

错误:I believe one day i will success !

正确:I believe one day I will succeed!; / I believe one dayI will become successful !  ;  / I believe one day I will achieve success!

又例如:

I believe honest (honesty) is very important in friendship

写在最后: 口语中之所以高频出现语法问题,其实很多时候并不是因为不懂语法的规则,而是因为没有养成对应规则的习惯,很多同学缺乏这种意识/习惯,而习惯只能通过训练改变,建议考生可以准备一个小本子,练习过程中给自己录音,然后用笔记本记录下各种语法错误频率,作为对自己的提醒和警示,随着练习的增多,习惯一定会慢慢得到改变。


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1997年环球教育,2006年获得软银赛富2500万美元投资。2010年美国纳斯达克上市。

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